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Former VT Governor; Former Democratic Candidate for President:
Howard Dean on the Issues

Howard Dean on Abortion

  • Individual freedom should apply to abortion decision. (Dec 2003)
  • Government should not make personal medical decisions. (Nov 2003)
  • Rollback restrictions on stem cell research. (Nov 2003)
  • Abortion is none of the government's business. (Nov 2002)
  • Partial birth abortion ok to protect the mother. (Nov 2002)
  • Favors abortion rights. (Nov 2002)

Howard Dean on Budget & Economy

  • I'm much more conservative with money than Bush is. (Jan 2004)
  • Kept GOP predecessor's agenda of fiscal frugality. (Oct 2003)
  • Politicians promising everything causes budget deficit. (Sep 2003)
  • Balance budget, even if unpopular. (Sep 2003)
  • Republicans haven't balanced a federal budget in 34 years. (May 2003)
  • Stand up to Bush for a balanced budget. (May 2003)
  • Social justice with fiscal responsibility. (Nov 2002)
  • Fiscally to the right of "borrow-and-spend" Bush. (Nov 2002)
  • Regional transportation network to foster trade & economy. (Jul 2000)
  • Bankruptcy reform: limit Chapter 7; protect states' role. (Feb 2001)
  • Uphold commitments to states before other spending. (Sep 2001)

Howard Dean on Civil Rights

  • The Defense of Marriage Act was unconstitutional. (Jul 2004)
  • Referendum votes should not apply to civil rights. (Jul 2004)
  • We have a right to protection of our liberties. (Jan 2004)
  • Don't amend the First Amendment to prohibit flag-burning. (Jan 2004)
  • No people of color in Dean's cabinet-because so few in VT. (Jan 2004)
  • Confederate flag is a painful symbol to Blacks. (Jan 2004)
  • Understand the plight of minorities. (Jan 2004)
  • Egalitarianism implies the legality of gay civil unions. (Dec 2003)
  • Apologizes for "Confederate flags in pickup trucks". (Nov 2003)
  • GOP divides us on race, especially in the south. (Nov 2003)
  • Stop being divided by race: reach out to white southerners. (Nov 2003)
  • Reach out to every American, even Southern white males. (Nov 2003)
  • Make no apologies for reaching out to poor Southern whites. (Nov 2003)
  • Gays deserve equal rights under the law. (Nov 2003)
  • Gay rights are a matter of principle. (Oct 2003)
  • Black roommate at Yale defined his views on tolerance. (Oct 2003)
  • Passed civil unions, despite it being unpopular. (Sep 2003)
  • Affirmative action counters built-in hiring biases. (Sep 2003)
  • Profiling doesn't work. (Sep 2003)
  • Patriot Act shows reckless disregard of civil liberties. (Jun 2003)
  • Supported civil unions for same-sex couples. (Nov 2002)
  • Support principles embodied in the Equal Rights Amendment. (Feb 2001)

Howard Dean on Corporations

  • AdWatch: "Hold corporations accountable"-but gave incentives. (Jan 2004)
  • Regulation of finance companies is the right track. (Jan 2004)
  • Government of, by, and for the special interests. (Dec 2003)
  • Corporate America is insensitive to plight of middle class. (Sep 2003)

Howard Dean on Crime

  • Death penalty for extreme crimes, but applied fairly. (Jan 2004)
  • Even terrorists deserve a fair trial. (Dec 2003)
  • Death penalty for extreme and heinous crimes. (Nov 2003)
  • Apply death penalty fairly & strengthen protections. (Nov 2003)
  • Supports death penalty for terrorism. (Jun 2003)
  • Replace overzealous capital crime trials with fair trials. (Jun 2003)
  • Re-evaluate and reform federal and state death penalty. (Jun 2003)
  • Invest in social programs to avoid investing in prisons. (Nov 2002)
  • Supports flexible federal block grants for crime programs. (Sep 2001)

Howard Dean on Drugs

  • Treat drug abuse as a medical problem, not a judicial one. (Nov 2003)
  • Smoked marijuana in the past, as did other Dems. (Nov 2003)
  • Evaluate marijuana & legalize for valid medical purposes. (Aug 2003)
  • Hammer the dealers; treat the casual users. (Jan 2003)
  • More federal funding for all aspects of Drug War. (Aug 2000)
  • Rated C- by VOTE-HEMP, indicating an anti-hemp voting record. (Dec 2003)

Howard Dean on Education

  • Vouchers undermine public education. (Jan 2004)
  • Create high standard AND help schools meet them. (Nov 2003)
  • Dean's other landmark VT bill: education finance. (Oct 2003)
  • No diversion of taxpayer funds to private schools. (Sep 2003)
  • Bush's "No Child Left Behind" is an unfunded mandate. (May 2003)
  • Don't let Congress dictate definitions of school prayer. (Nov 2002)
  • GOP education bill imposes an unfunded mandate on states. (Nov 2002)
  • Supported Act 60's controversial statewide education fund. (Nov 2002)
  • No-Child-Left-Behind is Every-School-Board-Left-Behind. (Nov 2002)

    School Choice

  • Under no circumstances abandon the public schools. (Nov 2002)
  • Apply VT's limited standards for failing schools, not GOP's. (Nov 2002)
  • Improve and invest in public schools. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Energy & Oil

  • Raise CAFE standard from 27.5 mpg to 37.5, including SUVs. (Jan 2004)
  • Global warming is most important enviro problem we face. (Nov 2003)
  • No new nuclear plants until waste disposal is safe. (Nov 2003)
  • Help developing countries reduce greenhouse gases. (Jan 2003)
  • Our energy policy is one of our biggest security threats. (Nov 2002)
  • Voluntary partnerships reduce greenhouse gases economically. (Aug 2000)
  • Kyoto Treaty must include reductions by all countries. (Aug 2000)
  • Create Regional Emissions Registry for GHG trading. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Environment

  • Dean's first campaign in 1982 focused on bicycle paths. (Oct 2003)
  • Free trade must include environmental standards. (Apr 2003)
  • No need to poison ourselves in order to have growth. (Nov 2002)
  • Eliminate mercury releases by 2003. (Sep 2000)
  • More state autonomy on brownfields & Superfund cleanups. (Aug 2001)
  • Support State Revolving Loan Fund for flexible Clean Water. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Families & Children

  • Think long-term to benefit our children. (Nov 2002)
  • Encourage fathers' participation in child-raising. (Sep 2001)
  • Federal funds & state involvement in fatherhood initiatives. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Foreign Policy

  • Day 1: Visit international allies to undo damage. (Jan 2004)
  • Bush has squandered foreign goodwill. (Dec 2003)
  • Repair relations with world by ending Bush arrogance. (Nov 2003)
  • Let the UN handle the Iraq situation. (Nov 2003)
  • I have as much foreign policy experience as Bush had. (Oct 2003)
  • Intertwine into alliances, to create international stability. (Jun 2003)
  • Integrate China as our international community partner. (Jun 2003)
  • Embrace nation-building over isolationism. (Nov 2002)

Howard Dean on Free Trade

  • We ought to change NAFTA-globalization only halfway done. (Jan 2004)
  • Enforceable & enforced labor and environmental standards. (Jan 2004)
  • We've globalized corporations; now globalize worker rights. (Jan 2004)
  • Globalization is here to stay, but the rules can be changed. (Nov 2003)
  • I support NAFTA & WTO-but they need revision. (Sep 2003)
  • Support NAFTA & WTO with level labor standards. (Sep 2003)
  • Free trade based on labor and environmental standards. (Sep 2003)
  • Trade tariffs to enforce labor & enviro standards. (Mar 2003)
  • Free trade is in our long-term national security interest. (Mar 2003)
  • WTO should care about human rights. (Feb 2003)
  • Free trade must equal fair trade. (Nov 2002)


  • We need China trade as a national security issue. (Jan 2004)
  • Use trade as basis for constructive engagement. (Mar 2003)
  • Use trade to enforce morality on China. (Mar 2003)
  • Develop an open North American energy market. (Jul 2000)
  • Foster globalization with New England & Eastern Canada. (Aug 2001)
  • More business cooperation between New England & East Canada. (Jun 1998)

Howard Dean on Government Reform

  • Kerry stands up against PAC and lobbyist money. (Jul 2004)
  • Need instant runoff voting to avoid threats like Nader. (Jul 2004)
  • Voting "none of the above" avoids real world choices. (Jul 2004)
  • First Democrat to opt out of campaign finance system. (Nov 2003)
  • Opts out of campaign finance system. (Nov 2003)
  • More poll watchers to oversee electronic voting machines. (Nov 2003)
  • Our campaign IS campaign finance reform. (Nov 2003)
  • Reforms must respect state's rights to select electors. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Gun Control

  • Different states need different gun laws. (Nov 2003)
  • Background checks for gun shows. (Nov 2003)
  • Endorsed by NRA eight times as VT governor. (Oct 2003)
  • Leading Dems distance themselves from divisive gun debate. (Oct 2003)
  • Supports assault weapons ban and Brady bill. (Apr 2003)
  • Get guns off the national radar screen: no new federal laws. (Nov 2002)
  • No more federal gun laws; leave them to states. (Nov 2002)

Howard Dean on Health Care

  • Medicare was put in place without a single Republican vote. (Jul 2004)
  • Improved economy is best fix for Medicare. (Jan 2004)
  • Rx plan: govt. buying; reimportation; price competition. (Jan 2004)
  • Fact Check: Dean agreed with Clinton on cuts, not Gingrich. (Jan 2004)
  • No single payer system, since it won't pass Congress. (Nov 2003)
  • If you want total healthcare reform, I'm not your guy. (Oct 2003)
  • Build senior Rx program on Vermont program. (Sep 2003)
  • Bush's Rx program is a political trap: looks good, bad plan. (Sep 2003)
  • Wrong to compare any Dem to Gingrich: I support Medicare. (Sep 2003)
  • Join every other industrialized country on health care. (Sep 2003)
  • Cover 42 million uninsured then reform healthcare system. (Jun 2003)
  • Bush prescription: take 2 tax cuts and see me in the morning. (May 2003)
  • As doctor, knows health system; and knows how to pass plan. (May 2003)
  • Subsidize health care for small businesses, not corporations. (May 2003)
  • 96.4% of Vermonters are covered; deliver that to America. (May 2003)
  • Guarantee health ins. like other industrialized countries. (Nov 2002)
  • Three-tiered coverage: state, federal, and private. (Nov 2002)
  • Patient Bill of Rights is hot air: get people insured. (Nov 2002)
  • Full access first, then tackle reform afterwards. (Nov 2002)
  • Universal access for all Vermonters; insure the last 6%. (Jan 2001)
  • Keep “community rating”: insure older people at same rates. (Jan 2001)
  • No federal pre-emption of employee health plan regulation. (Oct 2001)
  • Protect state tobacco settlement funds from federal seizure. (Apr 1999)

Howard Dean on Homeland Security

  • Switch funding from Star Wars to human intelligence. (Jul 2004)
  • Saddam is a distraction; focus on Al Qaeda. (Jan 2004)
  • No SDI deployment until it's proven to work. (Dec 2003)
  • America is about value of freedom not just military strength. (Dec 2003)
  • Redirect military spending rather than reduce defense budget. (Aug 2003)
  • Missile defense programs only within ABM Treaty compliance. (Aug 2003)
  • Shift $1B per year from missile defense to threat reduction. (Jul 2003)
  • Focus Pentagon budget on military personnel's needs. (Jul 2003)
  • Focus war budget on protecting vital infrastructure. (Jun 2003)
  • Anti-war, but has national security experience as governor. (May 2003)

Howard Dean on Immigration

  • Earned legalization for undocumented immigrants. (Jan 2004)
  • Be careful about granting citizenship for military services. (Jan 2004)
  • Don't divide immigrants-we all are. (Dec 2003)
  • If immigrants work & pay taxes, give them citizenship. (Nov 2003)
  • Poor treatment of Muslim immigrants is ethnic profiling. (Oct 2003)
  • Concerned about immigrants dying in desert crossings. (Oct 2003)
  • The Americas are more important than War on Terror. (Sep 2003)
  • No automated entry-exit control system; allow free flow. (Jul 2000)
  • Share costs of legal immigration between states & federal. (Feb 2001)
  • Federal government should deal with criminal repatriation. (Feb 2001)

Howard Dean on Jobs

  • Raise minimum wage to $7.00. (Jan 2004)
  • Support farming via family farms, not corporate farms. (Jan 2004)
  • Fact Check: Claims Bush cost US 3M jobs - really only 2.7M. (Dec 2003)
  • Trade helps some but has hammered the Midwest. (Sep 2003)
  • Reduce minority unemployment by investing in small business. (Sep 2003)
  • We're exporting jobs if we trade with no labor standards. (Sep 2003)
  • Invest in small businesses & renewable energy. (Sep 2003)
  • Supports living wage via subsidies for kids & housing. (May 2003)
  • Trade should strengthen labor unions in foreign nations. (Mar 2003)

Howard Dean on Principles & Values

  • DNC pursuing a 50-state strategy to take back the House. (May 2006)
  • Taking votes away from Kerry doesn't change the Party. (Jul 2004)
  • Arianna: "Dean lit a firecracker under Democratic Party.". (Apr 2004)
  • I'm not kidding about what I say-even over-enthusiastically. (Jan 2004)
  • Not just trying to change president, but to steer America. (Jan 2004)
  • Carol Moseley Braun withdraws from race and endorses Dean. (Jan 2004)
  • A committed follower of Jesus Christ. (Dec 2003)
  • New social contract: Fairer government,not bigger government. (Dec 2003)
  • Lying to the American public is not OK. (Dec 2003)
  • Sealed governorship records for 10 years. (Dec 2003)
  • Attracts people who've felt excluded from the process. (Dec 2003)
  • Building a grassroots movement, like a liberal Goldwater. (Nov 2003)
  • Propelled to public service by death of his brother? (Oct 2003)
  • Appeals $76 late fee on property tax; known as a tightwad. (Sep 2003)
  • Favorite song: Wycliffe Jean, "Jaspora.". (Sep 2003)
  • Restore US dignity in eyes of people around the world. (Sep 2003)
  • You have the power!. (Jun 2003)
  • Brings in people who have not been involved for decades. (Jun 2003)
  • Voters prefer strong and wrong to weak and right. (Jun 2003)
  • Turned to medicine and politics after family tragedy. (Nov 2002)
  • This campaign is about patriotism-flag belongs to everyone. (Sep 2003)

    Democratic Party

  • Dean surge spawned Clark as Anybody-But-Dean. (Oct 2003)
  • I represent the Democratic wing of the Democratic Party. (Oct 2003)
  • Dean's forthrightness differs from Dem party calculatedness. (Oct 2003)
  • Democrats are as angry at Dems as at GOP. (May 2003)
  • I want to change the Democratic Party, and change America. (May 2003)


  • Constitution says power belongs to the people-not to Bush. (Jan 2004)
  • We represent change; Bush represents more of the same. (Nov 2003)
  • Neo-conservative movement harms our standing in the world. (Nov 2003)
  • Youth candidate because he listens to young voters. (Nov 2003)
  • Positive agendas win elections despite negative attacks. (Nov 2003)
  • Dean fueled by large dissident group of Bush haters. (Oct 2003)
  • Liberal in attitude, not in policy positions. (Oct 2003)
  • Rule by hope instead of rule by fear. (May 2003)
  • Give people a reason to vote, & we'll take our country back. (May 2003)
  • Distrusts political extremism & ideologues. (Nov 2002)
  • Let's say what we think and get away from being poll-driven. (Nov 2002)
  • Religious affiliation: Protestant. (Nov 2000)
  • Member of Democratic Governors Association. (Aug 2001)
  • Member of New England Governors Conference. (Aug 2001)
  • Member, National Governors Association/Economic Development. (Jan 2001)

Howard Dean on Social Security

  • Reverse Bush tax cuts to shore up trust fund-don't privatize. (Nov 2003)
  • Considered raising retirement age to 70-now keep it at 67. (Sep 2003)
  • Maintain long-term solvency of Social Security and Medicare. (Aug 2001)

Howard Dean on Tax Reform

  • End corporate welfare, close loopholes, pay fair share. (Jan 2004)
  • There was no middle-class tax cut in this country. (Jan 2004)
  • Plan to increase corporate taxes. (Jan 2004)
  • Cutting payroll taxes is not a bad idea. (Jan 2004)
  • Would keep some middle class tax relief from Bush tax cuts. (Jan 2004)
  • Fact Check: Dean says 60% got $304-really 50% got over $470. (Jan 2004)
  • "Bush tax": income tax cuts cause tax rises elsewhere. (Dec 2003)
  • Fact Check: Claims 60% got $325 tax cut-really 50% got $470. (Dec 2003)
  • Bush's tax cuts part of master strategy of govt starvation. (Dec 2003)
  • Repeal every penny of Bush tax cuts & balance budget. (Oct 2003)
  • Middle class received no benefit from Bush tax cut. (Sep 2003)
  • Tell the truth on taxes: can't afford tax cuts. (Sep 2003)
  • People would rather health care than a tax cut. (Sep 2003)
  • It's tax cuts OR jobs, healthcare, and education. (Jun 2003)
  • Bush's tax cuts made $10,000 debt for every child. (May 2003)
  • Repeal Bush's tax cuts and invest in social programs. (Nov 2002)
  • Bush tax cuts were hooey; don't trust GOP with our money. (Nov 2002)
  • No national sales tax or VAT. (Feb 2000)
  • Let states independently determine estate taxes. (May 2001)

Howard Dean on War & Peace

  • Iraq wasn't about UN permission-it wasn't an imminent threat. (Jan 2004)
  • Vote by Lieberman, Kerry, & Edwards sent 500 soldiers to die. (Jan 2004)
  • AdWatch: "My opponents voted for war"-negative but true. (Jan 2004)
  • Supported Afghan war & not Iraq, but always supports troops. (Jan 2004)
  • US is no safer with Saddam gone-we're still losing troops. (Jan 2004)
  • Fact Check: Fighter jet escorts since 9/11-not 12/2004. (Jan 2004)
  • Bring in foreign troops & hold Iraqi election. (Dec 2003)
  • AdWatch: blames Gephardt for $87B-but Dean's view evolved. (Dec 2003)
  • Bilateral negotiations with North Korea on nukes. (Nov 2003)
  • Bring 100,000 Muslim troops to replace US troops in Iraq. (Nov 2003)
  • Stopping genocide justifies unilateral intervention. (Nov 2003)
  • Supports troops and veterans more than Bush. (Oct 2003)
  • Israeli security fence cannot be permanent. (Oct 2003)
  • Evenhandedness in Israel doesn't imply cater to Palestinians. (Oct 2003)
  • Yes on $87B for Iraq-repeal Bush tax cut to pay it. (Sep 2003)
  • If we abandon Iraq, it'll become a terrorist haven. (Sep 2003)
  • Keep relationship with Israel but be a credible negotiator. (Sep 2003)
  • My position on Israel is exactly the same as Bill Clinton's. (Sep 2003)
  • Iraq: Admit we humiliated our allies and get UN help. (Sep 2003)
  • Iraq: Bush lied about al Qaeda, about nukes, and about WMDs. (Sep 2003)
  • Bring US troops home. (Sep 2003)
  • Tear up the Bush doctrine of pre-emptive war. (Jun 2003)
  • Happy that Saddam is gone; keep a strong military; but... (May 2003)
  • Afghanistan requires more than military victory. (Nov 2002)
  • Deal with terrorism as a joint federal-state responsibility. (Feb 2001)
  • Include states in anti-terrorism planning. (Sep 2001)

Howard Dean on Welfare & Poverty

  • Children and schools suffer under Bush policies. (Jul 2004)
  • $100B Initiative to Strengthen America's Cities. (Dec 2003)
  • Dean Corps replaces under-funded AmeriCorps. (Dec 2003)
  • Churches may provide social services if no discrimination. (Jun 2003)
  • Promote the next generation of welfare reform. (Aug 2001)
  • Maintain federal Social Services Block Grant funding. (Sep 2001)
  • Maintain flexibility & funding levels for TANF block grants. (Sep 2001)